World Court prosecutor calls out Israel for alleged war crimes
Chief Prosecutor Fatou Bensouda is seen in the courtroom of the International Criminal Court at The Hague, Netherlands.
BRIAN E. MUHAMMAD
The chief prosecutor for the International Criminal Court (ICC) at the Hague is pursuing an official investigation into the Zionist state of Israel for alleged war crimes committed against the Palestinian people.
Prosecutor Fatou Bensouda made the announcement after concluding a preliminary examination of the “situation in Palestine” over several years showed enough credible evidence to open an investigation.
“I am satisfied that there is a reasonable basis to proceed with an investigation into the situation in Palestine,” said Ms. Bensouda. “In brief, I am satisfied that war crimes have been or are being committed in the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, and the Gaza Strip,” she said.
In a Dec. 20 statement welcoming the move as a positive step, Dr. Hanan Ashrawi, a member of the Palestine Liberation Organization executive committee, added: “The era of Israeli exceptionalism and impunity is over.”
“Israel must pay for its crimes and the Palestinian people will not accept exclusion from the universality of human rights,” she declared. “We are empowered and determined to achieve justice, redress, and accountability through international mechanisms, including the ICC.”
In contrast Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu—who is under an internal corruption probe—called the move “absurd” and “pure anti-Semitism” on the part of Ms. Bensouda. The ICC holds no authority to adjudicate the matter, he added.
“It has jurisdiction only in lawsuits presented by sovereign states, but there has never been a Palestinian state,” argued Mr. Netanyahu. “We will not accept or acquiesce to this injustice. We will continue to fight it with all the tools at our disposal.”
The U.S., whose foreign aid largely helps fund Israel, joined Tel Aviv in rejecting the decision. In early 2019 Washington— also not an ICC signatory—clashed with the court after being summoned for a war crimes probe over alleged violations at U.S. Central Intelligence Agency prison sites in Afghanistan and other countries. The State Department responded to the investigation by threatening sanctions on ICC officials and blocking U.S. entry visas for court investigators.
In a Dec. 20 tweet, U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo dismissed investigating Israel as unjustified.
“The ICC prosecutor raised serious questions about the ICC’s jurisdiction to investigate Israel. Israel is not a state party to the ICC. We firmly oppose this unjustified inquiry that unfairly targets Israel. The path to lasting peace is through direct negotiations,” Mr. Pompeo tweeted.
In court papers Ms. Bensouda argued the ICC has jurisdiction in the territories because of the status of Palestine as the 123rd State Party to the Rome Statute that established the ICC. She further pointed out United Nations General Assembly Resolution 67/19 authorized Palestine’s status as a UN “nonmember observer State,” and afforded it the ability to sign on to international treaties like the ICC Rome Statute.
There is skepticism that Israel will really be held to task for war crimes by the court. Previously, the ICC and prosecutor have indicted and mostly heard cases against African defendants.
“This is all well and good, but at the end of the day what does it really mean?” asked Mauri Saalakhan of the Peace and Justice Foundation, an advocacy group.
He pointed out a pattern of weakness in the world community when it comes to holding Israel accountable for crimes against humanity and years of flouting United Nations resolutions.
“Countless resolutions that has been made against the state of Israel, the investigations (and) this latest critique … it really doesn’t mean anything in terms of substance,” said Mr. Saalakhan. “Because the United Nations has been for the most part, a paper tiger; it lacks enforcement capabilities.”
Mr. Saalakhan doubts justice will be achieved through the ICC and UN systems saying Israel receives “protection,” “material support” and “diplomatic cover” from the U.S. that sways the Security Council. The U.S. also holds veto power to quash measures to hold Israel accountable.
Mr. Saalakhan is not optimistic Israel will be sanctioned the way other nations, leaders from Africa and other places are because they don’t enjoy Israel’s impunity and were tried and punished by the ICC.
But, if successful, current and former Israeli officials and military personnel could face global arrest warrants as a result of the probe. The ICC tries individuals and after any investigation the obligation is on governments to hand over indicted suspects. It’s doubtful Israel will subject itself to such requirements.
“Can you imagine Netanyahu or one of his top ministers traveling to say the United States to Brittan, France, to Brussels (and) being placed under arrest and handed over to the criminal court?” Mr. Saalakhan rhetorically asked. “That’s not going to happen.”
ICC judges have 120 days to decide on the jurisdiction question. The ICC announcement against Israel was made Dec. 20.
Mr. Saalakhan, a Washington-based activist, said there is a certain amount of “symbolic value” in the ICC move. However, he added, beyond symbolism “there’s very little.”
Because of complicated and highly disputed borders, Ms. Bensouda also sought a decisive ruling on the scope of the ICC’s territorial jurisdiction. She explained in court papers that determining jurisdiction is also a priority because while Palestine is a signatory of the ICC since 2015, Israel is not.